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작성일 : 11-05-03 09:05
IQ tests measure motivation - not just intelligence
 글쓴이 : 유학넷
조회 : 1,864  
 Intelligence tests are as much a measure of motivation as they are of mental ability, says research from the US.
 
Researchers from Pennsylvania found that a high IQ score required both high intelligence and high motivation but a low IQ score could be the result of a lack of either factor.
 
Incentives were also found to increase IQ scores by a noticeable margin.
 
The study is published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
 
Firstly, it analyzed previous studies of how material incentives affected the performance of more than 2,000 people in intelligence tests.
 
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, found that incentives increased all IQ scores, but particularly for those of individuals with lower baseline IQ scores.
 
Then the same researchers tested how motivation impacted on the results of IQ tests and also on predictions of intelligence and performance in later life.
 
By using data from a long-term study of 250 boys from adolescence to early adulthood, they were able to conclude that some individuals try harder than others in conditions where the stakes are low.
 
Therefore, the study says, "relying on IQ scores as a measure of intelligence may overestimate the predictive validity of intelligence."
 
Getting a high score in an IQ test requires both high intelligence and competitive tendencies to motivate the test-taker to perform to the best of their ability.
 
Dr James Thompson, senior honorary lecturer in psychology at University College London, said it had always been known that IQ test results are a combination of innate ability and other variables.
 
"Life is an IQ test and a personality test and an IQ result contains elements of both (but mostly intelligence).
 
"If an IQ test doesn't motivate someone then that is a good predictor in itself."
   
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motivation 동기(= eagerness and willingness to do something without needing to be told or forced to do it)
 
lack 부족, 결핍(= when there is not enough of something, or none of it)
 
incentive (어떤 행동을 장려하기 위한) 자극제, 장려책(= something that encourages you to work harder, start a new activity etc)
 
baseline (비교의) 기준치(= a standard measurement or fact against which other measurements or facts are compared, especially in medicine or science)
 
prediction 예측, 예견(= a statement about what you think is going to happen, or the act of making this statement)
 
adolescence 청소년기(= the time, usually between the ages of 12 and 18, when a young person is developing into an adult)
 
overestimate 과대평가하다(= to think something is better, more important etc than it really is)
 
validity 타당도(= The validity of something such as a result or a piece of information is whether it can be trusted or believed)
 
psychology 심리학(= the study of th mind and how it influences people's behavior)
 
innate 타고난(= an innate quality or ability is something you are born with)
 

 
 

Total 14
번호 제   목 글쓴이 날짜 조회
14 Farewell to 'Geronimo' 유학넷 05-11 6870
13 It tastes funny : 맛이 좀 이상해 유학넷 05-06 1898
12 IQ tests measure motivation - not just intelligence 유학넷 05-03 1865
11 Not that I know of : 잘 모르겠어요. 유학넷 04-30 2055
10 Stripped of dignity 유학넷 04-25 1802
9 What’s eating you : 무슨 걱정이라도 있니? 유학넷 04-21 1847
8 Giving doctors orders 유학넷 04-18 1778
7 I’m so out of it today! : 오늘 정말 정신이 없어. 유학넷 04-14 1869
6 Religion does its worst 유학넷 04-11 1913
5 Bite your tongue : 말하지 마 유학넷 04-07 1863
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3 natural gas and clean water 유학넷 03-31 1834
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